The knee is a ‘hinge’ joint and is the largest in the body – it is a complex joint that can often be prone to injury when taking part in sports or even doing small activities that can strain the knee.
There are many types of knee joint disorders, whether through injury, diseased or a form of arthritis, some disorders can respond well with non-surgical treatments, however more severe symptoms may require surgery.
Knee Ligament Reconstruction (Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction)
Tearing or straining your ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) is one of the most common knee injuries. A knee ligament reconstruction is the procedure of reconstructing the ACL which is a strong ligament joining the thighbone to the shinbone and runs diagonally through the knee.
The reconstruction involves stabilising the injured knee by replacing/rebuilding the ACL.
Knee Replacement Surgery (Athroplasty)
Knee Replacement Surgery (Athroplasty) is often used to treat problems such as arthritis. Patients may find themselves limited to what activities they are able to do due to the pain in their knees. Even walking short distances can cause great discomfort and therefore a knee replacement is usually the most appropriate option.
Total knee replacement and partial knee replacement are the two types of surgery we offer at Clifton Park Hospital. Your surgeon will discuss each option and will determine the most suitable surgery based on your individual circumstances.
Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that allows your surgeon to view and examine the inside of the joint using a small camera (Arthroscope) in order to diagnose and treat whatever the problem may be.
In this case, your surgeon will perform this procedure on the knee joint and will often be able to treat the problem at the same time as diagnosis (tissue repair for example).
Usually, your kneecap (patella) should rest in a ‘V’ shaped groove within the thighbone.
Whether dislocation occurs through direct trauma or, more commonly when the kneecap dislocates due to a small abnormality in the joint, this can be a very painful experience and can often leave you with long-term pain and discomfort.
Non-surgical treatments such as physiotherapy can be used to improve patella instability, however, if dislocation occurs again, then surgery may be required to restore stability in the knee.
Knee joint disorders can be very painful and uncomfortable; however they can often be treated.